Tag Archives: tree

Ficus carica and its rich fruit: the fig

Ficus-carica Canarius | Monday August 22nd, 2016 |

Ficus carica, also popularly known as fig tree, is a small tree or shrub (about 5 metres high) belonging to the family of Moraceae (Moraceae). Ficus carica is one of the variants of the Ficus genus, whose original cultivation occurs in western Asia. However, it now grows spontaneously in some regions of the Mediterranean and other parts of the world.

The shrub has a smooth, greyish bark and is heavily branched. Its leaves are deciduous, green and consist of 3 to 5 lobes.

Common fig (or just the fig)


It also produces a fruit known as figs: medium fruit the size of a light bulb or a little smaller. Some figs have a clear green colour and others are black or purplish.

Figs have a rather sweet taste and are noted for their high fibre content, higher than many fruits. They also provide a considerable amount of minerals and vitamins such as iron and magnesium.

The fig (Ficus carica) usually grows in rocky terrain, and even walls, from sea level to 1700 metres high. Its roots are quite vigorous and can sometimes move the ground under which they grow.

They are shrubs very resistant to adverse conditions and are grown primarily as second-class fruit trees. Some fig trees, called breveras, produce two crops a year: brebas in June (older than figs) and figs, between late August and early September.

As well as seasonal fresh fruit, figs have traditionally been consumed after undergoing the drying process, this has been the most common way to preserve the fruit.

“Dry” or “overripe” fruit, especially figs, was a food that was especially valued. The process allowed to delay their consumption and covered times when food shortage was notorious. Their leaves have been used for animal feed.

Adenium socotranum is grown in rocky slopes

The-Socotra-Desert Canarius | Friday February 12th, 2016 |

Adenium socotranum is an endemic species from the rocky slopes of the island of Socotra in the Indian Ocean (South of the Arabian peninsula and east of the Horn of Africa). Place where the authorities are very protective of the natural resources.


Socotra is considered the jewel of biodiversity in the Arabian Sea. In the 1990s, a team of United Nations biologists conducted a survey of the archipelago’s flora and fauna. They counted nearly 700 endemic species, found nowhere else on earth; only Hawaii, New Caledonia, and the Galápagos Islands have more impressive numbers.

Socotranum is one the most admired species in the genus Adenium. It attains a huge size, of two, three or more meters in height. Showy clusters of pink flowers are regularly produced in Adult plants. The pink flower of the plant appears for a couple of weeks in spring. Moreover, the species is similar to a miniature baobab.

As we have said before, Adenium socotranum grows among stones in grit or on other well drained soil. The species shows several morphological and physiological adaptations to cope with the dry climate and strong winds.

This magnificent species is virtually unknown in cultivation, so its performance cannot be described with confidence. Here it grows from may or june to december, so it will be resting leafless from january to may or so. At Canarius, we offer a1-2 year old plant, Container size 10 cm. Plants can be sent bare rooted.

Would you like to discover the marvelous atmosphere of Socotra in a Adenium socotranum? Have a look!

Nuts of the Macadamia tree

Canarius | Thursday March 19th, 2015 |


Macadamia tetraphylla is an excellent Australian nut, able to grow in coastal Meditarranean climates, subtropical climates and tropical climates. Some of other common names are: Poppel nut, Prickly macadamia or Rough-shelled queensland nut. food-crop-macadamia The leaves are quite ornamental, deep green with serrated margins. Flushes of juvenile foliage are yellow, red or maroon for a while. It has long, pendent creamy pink to purple flowers, followed by woody rounded fruits that contain the edible nut. Macadamia nuts provides cardiovascular benefits and attributes due to the presence of the fatty acids Omega-3 (healthy fats which help our nervous system). Furthermore, in order to enjoy an optimal and normal level of cholesterol, it is essential to maintain a care lifestyle with healthy diets. maca flowersThat’s why, we could include all sort of nuts in those diets, such as Macadamia nuts. Above all, because its nutrients have a high content in healthy fats. To sum up, a balanced consumption of these food crops could help so that “bad cholesterol” in the blood was reduced to recommended levels. The expensive, sought after nuts are a real delicacy, ripen before Christmas. Macadamia nuts are the only edible crop in the Proteaceae family and also the first modern Australian native food crop.  And as we have already stated, Macadamia nuts contain approximately 86% of monounsaturated fatty acids, known to reduce cholesterol in the blood.

From now on, you can buy a Macadamia tree with Canarius through “an only click”. Moreover, we ship worldwide, directly to your home. Visit our on-line store and see pictures of our plants (as for instance, Macadamia tetraphylla) on the packing desk and learn more about what plants we ship. Taste Macadamia nuts and follow a healthy lifestyle!