Tag Archives: species

How to grow Cycads? Maurice Levin tell us:

Cycads-Canarius Canarius | Thursday May 19th, 2016 |

cycas-tanqingii-specimenCycads (division Cycadophyta) are unique plants from remote and primitive ages. They’re a species with similar forms to palms and ferns, despite not being related to each other. They’re also gymnosperms, in the Cycadales order, so do not produce flowers but do produce cones, such as pines and other conifers.

Cycads live in tropical and subtropical environments: humid rainforests, dry rainforests, cloud forests, pine-oak forests and shrubland. They’re often in danger and restricted to innaccessible or hard to reach areas. However, others grow in mountainous areas with cold temperatures, even tolerating frost and snow.

dioon-edule-specimenMost Cycad species grow well in the garden and they’re excellent potted plants. Some have become popular decorative plants, while others are very rare and are protected by law, such as CITES species (an international treaty against over-exploitation due to international trade).

Cycads are easy to grow because they do not require particular treatment. Watering frequency depends on the temperature and exposure of the plant: the soil of a plant that’s exposed to the sun will dry very quickly, so it should be watered more often. Although we must also be careful with waterlogging plantpots as it’s not a species that’s very tolerant of this.

Of course. Farmers should be very patient, since they’re slow-growing plants. As a revealing fact, we can highlight that Cycads can live for more than 2,000 years.

Maurice Levin, Cycad Expert

Below, we share a video in which planter and preservationist, Maurice Levin (founder of Jurassic Garden — A&A Cycads, a family-owned rare plant nursery in California), explains what Cycads are and their most optimum growing methods:

At Canarius our Cycads are plants grown from seeds, two or more years old, and grown in tall planters. All plants are grown legally.

We offer the largest selection of Cycads genus in Europe, with many new Chinese species resistant to cold. Visit the Cycad section on our blog and find out why our plants are of excellent quality.

Adenium socotranum is grown in rocky slopes

The-Socotra-Desert Canarius | Friday February 12th, 2016 |

Adenium socotranum is an endemic species from the rocky slopes of the island of Socotra in the Indian Ocean (South of the Arabian peninsula and east of the Horn of Africa). Place where the authorities are very protective of the natural resources.

adenium-socotranum-canarius

Socotra is considered the jewel of biodiversity in the Arabian Sea. In the 1990s, a team of United Nations biologists conducted a survey of the archipelago’s flora and fauna. They counted nearly 700 endemic species, found nowhere else on earth; only Hawaii, New Caledonia, and the Galápagos Islands have more impressive numbers.

Socotranum is one the most admired species in the genus Adenium. It attains a huge size, of two, three or more meters in height. Showy clusters of pink flowers are regularly produced in Adult plants. The pink flower of the plant appears for a couple of weeks in spring. Moreover, the species is similar to a miniature baobab.

As we have said before, Adenium socotranum grows among stones in grit or on other well drained soil. The species shows several morphological and physiological adaptations to cope with the dry climate and strong winds.

This magnificent species is virtually unknown in cultivation, so its performance cannot be described with confidence. Here it grows from may or june to december, so it will be resting leafless from january to may or so. At Canarius, we offer a1-2 year old plant, Container size 10 cm. Plants can be sent bare rooted.

Would you like to discover the marvelous atmosphere of Socotra in a Adenium socotranum? Have a look!

Cordyline fruticosa ‘Lyon’s Black’, the boldest cultivar

Canarius | Wednesday December 30th, 2015 |

CORDYLINE-FRUTICOSA-CV

The genus Cordyline, belongs to the botanical family Asparagaceae, and it is native to Polynesia, New Zealand, Australia and S.E. Asia; also one species comes from South America.

In this case, we talk about the uncommon Cordyline fruticosa ‘Lyon’s Black’. This dark-leaved selection bears large sized, almost black leaves, with blueish wax. The whole plant is very erect and robust, 2 to 4,5 m tall. ‘Lyon’ s Black’ is one of the boldest cultivars. It was selected at Lyon Arboretum, in Honolulu, Hawaii. It typically blooms in Winter, with attractive sprays of pink-mauve flowers.

Its extremely dark foliage is a must in tropical gardens because it creates an incredible contrast with green backgrounds. The best colour is achieved in full sun.

As most large-sized Hawaiian cordylines, ‘Lyon’ s Black’ grows thick roots underground and is more resistant to wind, drought and cold than the smallest cultivars often sold in garden centres for indoor decoration. If its height is too much, it can be chopped in Spring at the desired height and it will soon sprout back from the cut stems.

About the exotic Cordylines

cordyline-fruticosa

Cordyline fruticosa is a marvelous foliage plant originating in the Pacific Islands. It adaptable to bright shade can grow indoors as a house plant. The wild type has green glossy leaves that are used throughout Polynesia to make food-wraps or the famous hula skirts. Many colourful cultivars have been selected for ornamental purposes.

Our Hawaiian selections will also be perfect in the tropical or subtropical garden. They can take cool temperatures but will be damaged or killed by frost. These “outdoor cultivars” bear leathery leaves and grow thick tuberous roots underground. They can even stand the cold winters of the coastal Mediterranean, especially if sheltered from the wind.

If you grow plants in full sun, you will obtain larger, robust specimens with thicker leaves. These plants will be much hardier to drought, wind and cold than plants grown in the shade.

After a few years, pot-grown Cordylines can start to become tall and leggy. If so, they can be kept low by pruning or air layering the shoots that become too tall. They will sprout new shoots from the base or from the cut.

The plant that we offer at Canarius is 20-40 cm tall and it is about 1 year old from cutting. It is grown in a pot of about 12-14 cm. Would you like to try a Cordyline fruticosa “Lyon’s Black”? Get it right now from us!

 

Withania somnifera, your Medicinal Plant for this Autumn

Canarius | Friday September 18th, 2015 |

withania-somnifera-ashwaganda Autumn is coming and, most of times, flu with it. In Canarius we have plants for health and, in particular, we have brought a new one to our online shop: Withania somniferacommonly known  as Ashwagandha, Indian ginseng, poison gooseberry or winter cherry.

Withania somnifera is a shrub to small tree that grows well in Mediterranean to tropical conditions. This species is a short tender perennial shrub growing 35–75 cm (14–30 in) tall and its branches extend radially from a central stem. The flowers of an Aswagandha are small and green and the ripe fruit is orange-red.

(Withania_somnifera)

Nevertheless, this  plant grows well in Mediterranean to tropical conditions (as we have said before), it is cultivated in many of the driest regions of India. For instance, Mandsaur District of Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Sindh, Gujarat or Rajasthan. Also, a Withania somnifera plant  can be found in Nepal or China.

Withania somnifera is an Indian medical plant used in Ayurvedic medicine with just too many good purposes. Such as treating arthritis, anxiety, trouble sleeping (insomnia), tumors, tuberculosis, asthma and so on.

Moreover, this plant is used as an “adaptogen”: natural substances produced by plants and herbs that provides special nutrients for reaching an optimal performance, both mental and physical.

Likewise, Ashwagandha is applied to the skin for treating wounds and, even, some people also use this plant for fertility problems in men and women. To sum up, Withania somnifera, known commonly as Ashwagandha (among others), is a medicinal plant with a lot of uses to improve our health day by day.

The name Ashwagandha is from the Sanskrit (an old Indian language) and it is a combination of the word ashva (meaning “horse”) and gandha (meaning “smell”). Furthermore, its root has a strong aroma. That’s why this species is described as “horse-like” (despiste how badly it sounds). Look for on our website Withania somnifera - Ashwagandha and discover how this species can help you daily!

New packs of fruit trees directly from Tenerife

Canarius | Friday September 4th, 2015 |

Packs-from-Canarius In our online store, Canarius, we take into account the importance of a good service regarding to our customers. That’s why, we have created different packs focused on several kinds of species; from subtropical palms or showy flowers to fruit trees. We love what we do! That’s a fact. For that reason, we don’t resign ourselves to cultivate some species… we want all of them! Below, we present some of our packs with plants belonging to the same family. In this case, we are going to make reference to fruit trees cultivated by Canarius:

  • Superfood-Fruit-TreesSuperfood Fruit Trees: As every plant lover knows, fruit trees produce fruit as foodstuff for people. However, there are some cases where the tree produces what is known as “superfood”, unique pieces such as Dwarf Red BananaPunica granatum or Kasturi (a sort of Mango). These special fruits are especially beneficial for health; they have more vitamins and useful compounds. The truth is that “superfood” is a recent term used to name any food which is very rich in nutrients for health.
  • Hardy Fruit Trees: It is clear that we are specialists in exotic tropical fruit trees, but we also grow and offer some fruit trees that are not tropical at all and can withstand frost. For instance, Almonds trees, Persimmons and some Canarian cultivars of Fig Trees are perfectly suited to Mediterranean to Temperate climates.
  • Subtropical-Fruit-TreesSubtropical Fruit Trees: Depending on the weather, there is a great variety of this sort of trees. In our online store, we have some examples of subtropical fruit tree; some of the most exotic species that are able to grow in cold areas. Places where Tropical trees can’t grow due to its own features. These trees produce fruits as the well-known banana Orinoco or Topocho, Spanish variety of Japanese or Chinese plum, Custard apple or the commonly known Guava tree.

Would you like to take advantage of our packs? Visit our online shop and choose your favourite one!