Category Archives: Tropical Fruit Plants

The Canary Islands are a paradise for exotic fruits and we offer the largest selection in Europe of tropical fruit trees

Know all the benefits of pineapple

Benefits-of-pineapple Canarius | Thursday July 14th, 2016 |

Pineapple is considered one of the most popular tropical fruits in the world. Its sweet and refreshing taste makes the pineapple, also known as Ananas, a common food in the homes of many families.

It is a tropical fruit that contains lots of vitamins -such as vitamin C, B1, B6, B9 (folic acid) and some vitamin E- and minerals such as potassium, magnesium, iodine, copper and manganese.

In addition, the pineapple has diuretic and detoxifying properties that boost elimination of all those substances that can affect health if not properly removed.

Much of the pineapple’s composition is water and a lot of fiber. That, together with it being very low in calories, makes it an ideal diet fruit.

Most of the benefits of pineapple is due to the presence of an enzyme called ‘bromelain’. An enzyme that improves digestion and has the ability to destroy intestinal parasites.

What is ‘bromelain’?

Eat-pineappleThe ‘bromelain‘ in the pineapple has anti-inflammatory, antithrombotic, anti-edema and fibrinolytic properties. In fact, the pineapple’s antiinflammatory action could be useful in treating diseases involving inflammation. Such is the case of acute sinusitis, sore throat, arthritis or gout.

This enzyme present in said fruit also acts as a natural anticoagulant besides causing beneficial changes in white blood cells.

At Canarius we have pineapple!

ananas-comosus-cv-md-2-pineappleWe offer certified living plants of pineapple. MD-2 is the famous Del Monte Gold Extra Sweet, the best commercial cultivar of pineapple.

This supreme hybrid was developed by the Pineapple Research Institute in Hawaii (dissolved in 1986), which conducted research on behalf of the major pineapple companies. Del Monte released it later, in 1996.

It tastes twice as sweet as the former commercial varieties, and has a very high content vitamin C. This selection has been a revolution in the worldwide market of fresh pineapple (non-canned). In just ten year from its relase, it has taken up more than 50 percent of the global market, being the commercial pineapple of top quality.

The plant we offer was originally raised in vitro in Tenerife, Canary Islands. Then it was rooted and grown for months in a greenhouse, in order to achieve robust plants of a good size.

Our plants are 20-30 cm in diameter. Size in cm is variable, but we will always choose one well-rooted robust specimen.

When will it bloom and fruit?

Pineapples grow fast in full sun and hot weather. Our plant will take just one year to bloom if kept in a warm environment. On the other hand it can easily take three or more years in a weakly heated greenhouse in Europe. Pineapple is a tropical plant. It is sensitive to frost and cold weather in general. Keep above 10º C in Winter.

Some Kinds of Litchi Chinensis in Tenerife

Litchi-chinensis Canarius | Wednesday July 6th, 2016 |

Lychee is a subtropical evergreen tree native to eastern China, where it has been cultivated for thousands of years. The tree has a medium size reaching up to 2-3 m (6-8 ft).

Its fruit is smooth, aromatic and juicy inside the thin, rough, slightly spiky and leathery pink to red shell. Litchi chinensis has a small inedible brown seed. Rich in vitamin C, it is available mainly in mid-summer. Eaten fresh, used in fruit salads, also bottled, canned, frozen and dried (lychee nuts).

At Canarius we have Litchi chinensis. This variety thrives and fruits regularly in the warmer coastal Mediterranean. It does not grow well in the tropics, because it needs cool winters, with temperatures below 12º C in order to induce flowering. It only takes short, light frost.

LITCHI CHINENSIS KWAI MAI PINK

The “cold-hardy” lychee tree. This Chinese lychee variety produces fruits in cooler locations and and fruits very late, in mid-summer. Fruits are greenish-pink and quality is very good.

Kwai-Mai-Pink

LITCHI CHINENSIS EARLY LARGE RED

The variety “Early Large Red” has a fruit slightly more than 2,5 cm (1 “) long, usually obliquely heart-shaped, crimson, with green interspaces, very rough, skin very firm and leathery, adhering slightly to the flesh. Flesh greyish-white, firm, sweet and flavourful. It is a moderate bearer, early in season.

Early-Large-Red

LITCHI CHINENSIS TAI SO

“Tai-so” is a vigorous chinese cultivar of Lychee. It produces regularly and abundantly. The fruit is sweet, pink to red. It is also called Mauritius Lychees in the western trade, but also Hong Huey or Hong Huay, Da Zao and Tai Tsao in Asia.

Tai-So

LITCHI CHINENSIS KAIMANA

One of the best tasting large lychees. It is a subtropical perennial tree native to eastern China where it has been cultivated for thousands of years. The tree has a medium size reaching up to 2-3 m (6-8 ft). Its fruit is smooth, aromatic and juicy inside the thin, rough, slightly spiky and leathery pink to red shell.

The variety “Kaimana” has a large fruit, deep-red, of high quality, and the tree is a regular bearer. Lychee thrives and fruits regularly in the warmer Mediterranean. It needs cool winters, with temperatures below 12º C.

Kaimana

Here we present some of the newest in our online shop:

LITCHI CHINENSIS SUEY TONG

LITCHI CHINENSIS CALCUTIA

Mango Cultivation in the Canary Islands

Mangifera-cv-Gomera-1 Canarius | Wednesday June 1st, 2016 |
mango-trees-orchard

Image ICIA (Instituto Canario de Investigaciones Agraria)

The Mango fruit was introduced in the Canary Islands at the end of 18th century, originating from the Philippines. Although throughout 19th century came to the archipelago numerous Cuban and Venezuelan mangos. In a short period of time, this fruit is become in a common tree in gardens located in the coastline of the Canary Islands, where climate noticeably favors its development.

The best areas for mango cultivation in the archipelago are warm sites of coastlines in the South. Despite the tree is very rustic and it can grow in any sort of soil, due to the subtropical climate in the Canary Islands, mango (Mangifera) prefers those soils with a great depth (minimum 80 cm).

Mango blooming is presented in the Canary Islands in February or March, as a direct consequence of cold in winter. The minimum temperatures in those dates are relatively low and, therefore, there are some problems for bearing fruit.

The most important variety of mango tree for our archipelago it is the local Gomera 1.

Description of the Mango Gomera

hardy-canarian-mangoMango Gomera is a very robust medium sized tree, with dome shaped crown, and stiff, thick, arching leaves. Flushes of new leaves are deep red-burgundy. It is able to flower up to 3 times a year. If it is too cold or wet, it will lose the inflorescences and flower again, about 2 months later, until the right season for fruit set is matched.

Fruits are yellow with pale dots and sometimes with a hint of pink. They are produced in groups, with a small to average size (250 g average), very good flavor, aromatic, with a high content in fibers.

Genetic analysis shows thant it is very closely related (not the same) to the Cuban Mango “Filipino”, and to the Floridan Mango “Turpentine”. It is possibly the same of the Cuban “Manga Blanca”.

Scientific Literature in Spanish about Mango Gomera

“Mejora del Mango en Canarias”, Instituto Canario de Investigaciones Agrarias (ICIA)

“Gomera-1 en el programa de mejora del Mango”,  Instituto Canario de Investigaciones Agrarias (ICIA)

Buy cold hardy mango trees in our Shop

In our shop, Canarius, you can purchase small trees of Gomera mangos and also a wide selection of mango trees of different varieties. All trees are grafted by hand, with specific cultivars. We ship to any countries in Europe. Try also our delicious Mango jam with or without sugar, in the honeys & jams section, produced with the mangoes of the Canary Islands.

Curare enano: fried, baked or boiled

Curare-enano-banana Canarius | Friday April 15th, 2016 |

The banana is an important source of food in rural areas of most tropical and subtropical countries. Curare enano is a dwarf cooking-plantain from Central America, with excellent fruit quality.

The Canary Islands

In Honduras, Curare enano is the second most cultivated fruit and it’s available all year round. However, as we have already mentioned in the past, thanks to the subtropical climate of the Canary Islands, at Canarius we also have Musa “Curare enano” – Dwarf Cooking Plantain.

Also, the variety of Curare enano plantain is found mainly in Guatemala, Costa Rica, Panama, Dominican Republic, Ecuador and Colombia, where it’s exported all over the world.

The preferred method for consumption is normally fried, but it can also be baked or boiled. In addition, it’s ideal for making patacones or plantain chips.

Some features of this banana

musa-curare-enano-dwarf-cooking-horn-plantain

The plant normally doesn’t exceed two and a half metres high, making it less susceptible to wind damage. It also requires a low dose of water for production and is quite easy to grow.

A Curare enano is harvested nine months after planting and yields between 35 and 40 bananas per cluster. It’s advisable to keep them in greenhouses when you want to grow them in areas that aren’t of a tropical or subtropical climate.

These types of advantages are part of the great current business opportunity regarding the Musa “Curare enano” on the international scene. Although good agricultural practices are also crucial for providing good yields of this variety of banana.

Alluding to these banana leaves, often have wavy blades. This is not a disease or disorder but it is typical of this dwarf cultivar, a difference in morphology just like its dwarfness.

What do we ship?

packing-canarius

We ship a stout rooted sucker, not a potted plant. You will receive it with the corm wrapped in a bag with moist sphagnum or perlite. In spring, suckers may not have roots. In this case, suckers are easy to root if temperatures are kept between 20 and 30º C.

Neither Brazil nor Colombia; Coffee in Canary Islands too

Arabica-coffee-Canarius Canarius | Friday April 1st, 2016 |

cafeto-coffee

Coffee arrived in Europe around 1600 via Venetian merchants. And, despite first being rejected by the Church, coffee has become one of the most popular and in demand drinks in the West.

In the 19th century, demand in Europe was quite often outstripping supply. However, world coffee production isn’t focused only on this continent, but also in tropical areas: South America (Brazil and Colombia in particular), Vietnam, Kenya and the Ivory Coast, among others.

A production line that, despite assertions, makes a stop in Europe: the Canary Islands. Favourable weather temperatures, low rainfall, features volcanic terrain… The Canary Islands have become one of the few (almost only) coffee production sites in Europe.

Coffea arabica plant (local Canarian)

Namely, at Canarius we grow a unique coffee thanks to the excellent weather conditions of Macizo de Anaga (Tenerife, Canary Islands). Such is the case of the Coffea arabica plant (local Canarian).

One of the secrets to obtaining this coffee is condensed heat of the Massif and the plant’s acclimatisation to the ground conditions. Also, camouflaging among various fruit trees such as avocado, orange or mango provides shade to the plant needed to grow and make coffee beans.

The arabica coffee (Coffea arabica) is a shrub of the Rubiaceae family, native of Ethiopia and Yemen; it’s the main species cultivated for the production of coffee (obtained from the roasted seeds), and the oldest known as yet in agriculture.

With luck and patience, you could grow coffee at home by roasting the seeds in the oven. Remember that on our online store, Canarius, we offer a branched plant ready to bear fruit in about a year.

There are other places in the Archipelago also struggling to preserve their coffee making tradition. Such is the case of coffee from Agaete (Gran Canaria), another area that’s become a major tourist attraction of the island.

World Coffee Production

Infografía---World-Coffee-Production