One of the most useful shrubs of all times... and ornamental too! It is 1 to 5 m tall, widely distributed in all Africa to India. Its widespread millenary use for dental health has been a bless for humankind on two continents.
Salvadora makes the popular teeth cleaning sticks used throughout the wider Muslim world.
According to WIKIPEDIA, " its fibrous branches have been promoted by the World Health Organization for oral hygiene use. Research suggests that it contains a number of medically beneficial properties including abrasives, antiseptics, astringent, detergents, enzyme inhibitors, and fluoride. (...) The fresh leaves can be eaten as part of a salad and are used in traditional medicine for cough, asthma, scurvy, rheumatism, piles andother diseases. Berries are eaten both fresh and dried.". Regarding the edible fruits, they are tiny, red to purple, translucent in colour. They are produced in bunches of one seeded fruits, juicy, somehow pungent and sweet.
The botanical drawing is by William Roxburgh (1751-1815), Joseph Banks (1774-1820) - Plants of the coast of Coromandel vol. 1 plate 26 (http://www.botanicus.org/page/280108), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3411115
|Max. Size||300cm & more|
|Minimum winter temperature||5 ºC to 10 ºC|